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Mistitis Research Paper

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A urinary tract infection may be classified as cystitis or pyelonephritis depending on the location of infection. Cystitis is the most common form of urinary tract infection, is located in the lower urinary tract, affecting the bladder and urethra. On the other hand, pyelonephritis, or kidney infection, is not as common, and is located in the upper urinary tract, affecting the kidney and ureter. The most typical symptoms of cystitis include urgency for urination, frequency of urination, dysuria (painful urination), and suprapubic pain or tenderness. Pyelonephritis on the other hand has more systemic symptoms, such as fever, nausea and vomiting, chills, malaise, as well as flank pain and tenderness at the costovertebral angle (CVA).
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