Mitosis: A Meiosis In Diploid Cells

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Everyone, from the people as tall Shaquille O’Neal, standing at 7 feet and 1 inch, to people as small as Simone Biles, 4 feet, and 9 inches, started life as a tiny little embryo then grew into the people they are today with a process called binary fission. Mitosis is a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells who each have the same number of chromosomes, as their diploid parents, and are genetically identical to their parents after one division. Humans have 46 chromosomes in diploid cells. Mitosis is used for growth, repair, and binary fission. Mitosis makes somatic cells or body cells.

Mitosis has 5 main phases, or parts: Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, and Cytokinesis. In Prophase the DNA condenses to form chromosomes,
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Meiosis I had 6 steps: Interphase, Prophase I, Metaphase I, Anaphase I, Telophase, and Cytokinesis. In Interphase, the cell grows, repairs, performs its usual functions, and replicates DNA. During Prophase I, each replicated chromosome pairs with its corresponding homologous chromosome forming a tetrad. During tetrad formation, sections of chromosomes can be exchanged between chromatids, a process called crossing over. In Metaphase I, paired homologous chromosomes line up across the middle of the cell. During Anaphase I, Spindle fibers pull each homologous pair toward opposite ends of the cell. In Telophase I, a nuclear membrane forms around each cluster of chromosomes. Cytoplasm then occurs resulting in two new daughter cells. The daughter cells contain chromosome sets that are different from each other and the parent…show more content…
Meiosis II has 5 steps: Prophase II, Metaphase II, Anaphase II, Telophase, and Cytokinesis. First, the chromosomes consisting of two chromatids become visible in Prophase II. In Metaphase II, the sister chromatids line up in the middle of the cell, then pull apart during Anaphase II. Finally, the nuclear membrane reforms and the cells
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