Models of Public Administration

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Studying the Models of Public Administration

Before going to the models, it is important to understand the different terminologies used in the subject:

An Approach is based primarily on one central concept. That is thought to be especially useful in studying basic features of public administration. Approaches are general in nature. 2. MODELS:
Models can be considered as a refined and more specific version of approaches. We can say that approaches are the factories of models. Within one approach, several models can be developed. Models are very specific towards a particular study. 3. THEORY:
Theory is a more sophisticated tool than models. But according to
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Written rules and regulations should be there to control and fixed the official jurisdictions 2. There should be a clear division of labor with authority and responsibility, clearly designated, maximizing specializing and expertise. 3. The arrangement of positions in hierarchy of authority. 4. Officials should be appointed on the basis of qualification. 5. Work should be viewed as a vocation and full time occupation. 6. There should be uniformity and impersonality regardless of persons.
There is a lot of criticism against Weber’s ideal model as a general, identifying criteria for comparative purpose. 1. Ideal type can never exist at all. And even if it exists the model by definition does not lend itself to explain dynamic imperial situations. 2. Schmitt was against the concept of legal, rational authority. According to him legitimacy is based entirely on accepted legal procedures which abandon all moral arguments of legitimacy. 3. Another scientist, Eric Strauss criticizes Weber in these words “It’s unfortunate that Weber used the term bureaucracy to define his rational form of administration.” 4. Talcott Parson concluded by saying that “Weber’s model is highly developed and is broadly applicable conceptual scheme in any comparative field.”
By studying different models presented by different scientists and regardless of different criticism on Weber’s bureaucratic model it is obvious that The Weber
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