Modern Art During The 20th Century

764 WordsMay 4, 20164 Pages
Modern art began as early as the nineteenth century, setting trends that would follow in the mid to late twentieth century. Expressionism was among some of the primary modern movements. This particular movement explored artists’ desires to portray their experiences and ideals of the world using experimental processes. Prussian sculptor, playwright, and illustrator by the name of Ernst Barlach sat among the famous expressionists in Germany.1 While Barlach received fame and popularity, being somewhat of a genius in his time between World War I and World War II, his popularity would slowly dwindle at the rise of the National Socialist Party headed by Adolf Hitler. 2 His work along many other artists found strong criticisms with the NAZI party and Barlach would only live to see the constant threats and removal of his work without ever witnessing the restoration of these art pieces after the second World War.3 His most provoking piece that initiated condemnation from his peers and artists under Hitler was the Magdeberg Ehrenmal.4 It became the centerpiece of many debates that would haunt not only the Magdeberg Cathedral where it was located, but Barlach as a legitimate artist himself. Those who opposed Barlach were mainly Bernhard Heidegger and somewhat of Alfred Rosenberg, both of which directed their attacks specifically towards Barlach’s credence.5 It is only now with the further analysis of Alfred Werner and predominantly Peter Paret’s writings, who seek further explanation
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