Modern Day Iraq And Kuwait

1107 Words Sep 27th, 2015 5 Pages
People often complain about having to acknowledge religious practices, whether it be going to a religious gathering every week or interrupting their busy schedule to observe daily rituals. Most commonly, these people are monotheistic. Now, imagine having not one, but thousands of gods to appease. That’s quite a lot of worshipping to do, right? Well, it was a reality for many people for centuries in the Mesopotamian area (most of modern day Iraq and Kuwait.) The ancient Mesopotamian religion had over 2,000 gods, but only one was at the head of them all. Well, three. Maybe four depending on who you ask. Mesopotamian religion lasted centuries, and during those times the circumstances changed. The flux in power between city-states led to a change in head god each time. These gods all came with different attributes, roles, and relationships with humanity. First came An of Uruk, who was the original head god, but then came Enlil of Nippur who eventually surpassed An, and finally there was Marduk of Babylon who put them both to shame. The first head god, An, originated in the city-state of Nippur. Attributed to An is the sky and the symbol of the bull. Thorkild Jacobsen says, “His name… is the Sumerian word for ‘sky’, and inherently An is the numinous power in the sky, the source of rain and the basis for the calender...” Kathryn Stevens confirms this by saying, “Sumerian an means ‘heaven, sky’, and An can therefore be seen as the personified heavens.” For the first god of…
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