Modern European History. Speaks of Paul Valery and what he meant by saying that Europe doubted itself profoundly

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1. What did Paul Valery mean in saying that the mind of Europe doubted itself

profoundly?

Before 1914, people in Europe believed in progress, peace, prosperity, reason,

and rights of individuals. During that time, people began to believe in the

Enlightenment, industrial developments were just starting and scientific advances

began to take place. People then really believed in progression and further

developments.

Unfortunately, World War I broke out. Nevertheless, the optimistic people of

Europe still did not doubt the outcome and were so convinced that it was not going to

have any long term effects. They looked toward happier times and hoped life will go

back to where it was before. But little did they know, as a result of the
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People did not have to strength or will to believe in themselves anymore. They were

too devastated by the war. They also saw no hope and thus doubted themselves for

making any more progress.

2. Why do you think many veterans felt that they were part of a lost generation?

Veterans during the war were just realizing what the war is all about. They saw

what the war had done to people 's lives and body parts. They sometimes couldn 't

even believe that such shattered bodies were once human beings lived happily among

them. Most of them grew up in the war knowing nothing of life but despair, fear,

death, and sorrow. These veterans felt that they were part of a last generation upon

whom which the war was caused by. Now these young man must carry on the blood

shed and fight for their fathers and country. Most of them didn 't even know what the

war was about and why they were fighting. And yet it didn 't not stop them from

innocently slay one another obediently. I don 't think they know how to stop the war

and not knowing what will happen next.

3. What reasons can you think of why many Germans were attracted to

paramilitary organizations immediately after the war?

Germans were attracted to paramilitary organizations immediately after the

war. The war had brought violence, pleasure, and the excitement of survival for

thousands of soldiers. During these years of

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