Modern History Albert Speer

1483 Words Jun 4th, 2013 6 Pages
Q1. Provide a detailed description of THREE significant events in the life of the personality you have studied. (10 marks)

Albert Speer was born on the 19th of March 1905. His family was very well off compared to the general population and their social status demanded an adherence to social conventions and formality. As a student and early adult, Speer was very apolitical however leaned towards the communism. Speer was first introduced to Nazism in 1930 where he was first inspired by Hitler’s oratory skills. Speer became a member of the Nazi Party on March the 1st 1931 with the membership number 474,481. From this point Speer was provided with many opportunities within the party, specifically in architecture, Hitler was especially
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This was achieved even though the economy lost millions of skilled workers to the armed services. He introduced a system of reserved occupations which gave skilled workers exemption from the armed services. In June 1943, he took over all war production except aircraft. In March 1944 this changed and Speer created the ‘Fighter Staff’ for the emergency production of aircraft. In January 1943, he introduced civil conscription of women. By 1944, women made up 51% of the native German workforce, he cut the civilian economy to the minimum. In August 1943, he introduced the underground factory program. This was devised as a measure to combat the increased targeted Allied bombing raids. This became mandatory in 1944 and in May, 1945, he was named Minister of Economics, despite his failure to take part in Hitler’s “Scorched Earth Policy”. Speer’s leadership had a remarkable effect on German armament manufacturing, without Speer, Hitler would have lacked the power to stage his fight to the finish.

Post World War II, many Nazi leaders were put on trial by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. At the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials Speer was charged with, conspiracy to commit crimes against peace, crimes against peace, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Twelve out of twenty-one accused Nazi leaders were sentenced to death. Speer was found guilty but he was sentenced to twenty years imprisonment, thus escaping the hangman’s noose. Historian Van der Vat
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