Modern History of Agriculture in India

853 Words Feb 26th, 2018 3 Pages
Up to Independence, a major part of agricultural activity was ruled by the intermediaries under the classic British systems. During colonial rule, the British designated Zamindars (local tax collectors), as owners of the land in their villages. This Zamindari system had been in play for many centuries and was introduced by Lord Cornwallis in India in 1793 with a selfish view of increasing revenue for the East India Company. Under the agreement, the Zamindars were responsible to collect revenue from farmers and deliver it to the British and the Zamindars were given the freedom to decide how much to demand from the farmers. However, this system created class conflicts and formed the basis for an ongoing conflict between the peasant, the landlords and the British Empire established in India (Abhijit 640-642). In addition, the system interfered with the economic progression of India and exploited the rights of the farmers and peasants. This system gave rise to a new Zamindar class with all its exploitative practices and morals, which created an obstacle for the natives in India to prosper and grow socially and economically. With little economic motivation and return, no security of tenure and the ever increasing rent and revenue, Indian farmers were less likely to invest in agricultural advancements and land…
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