Modern Medicine Cancer And Its Effects On Patients, Families, Treatment Options And The Required Care Essay

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Despite modern medicine cancer continues to claim the lives of many people all over the world. Throughout the years the number has increased slowly for some types of cancers, while others have seen a drastic increase in the number of new cases each year. The International Agency for Research estimates that there will be an “increase in the number of cancer cases globally to 21.7 million new cancer cases and 13 million cancer deaths” (American Cancer Society, 2016). These figures are alarming and is attributed to factors such as an aging population, smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, and fewer childbirths, in economically developing countries. Similarly, in the United States the numbers are also climbing. Although there are twenty-three types or of cancer sites, the figures for colorectal, lung, breast and prostate cancers are high in many states. This paper will take a closer look at the disease, the impact on patients, families, treatment options and the required care.
Staging and Diagnosis
People have been affected by cancer for centuries. However, modern medicine has made advances in diagnosing and treatment of the disease since it was “first documented over 3000 years ago in ancient Egypt” (American Cancer Society, n.d.). Cancer is the abnormal grow and multiplication of cells. These characteristics often results in tumors which can be divided into two groups, benign and malignant. Benign tumors may cause discomfort and in some cases affect normal body
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