Modern Medicine, Urban Medicine And Industrial Medicine

2097 Words9 Pages
In this essay I will describe what is meant by medicalization and in what ways we can consider the diseases to be socially constructed. History of medicalization from the 19th century onward, using the French example, as a frame of reference. The working hypothesis of the author is that modern medicine is social medicine, and therefore a social practice that has been developed in the capitalist society since the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century, and this is responsible for three forms of medicine: State medicine, urban medicine and industrial medicine. He analyses each of these forms of medicine and it is relation to the current structure in Germany, France and England, and explains why a bureaucratized, collectivized and state-controlled system of medicine developed in Germany from the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century; urban medicine in France, based on methods of surveillance; and industrial medicine in England. Michel Foucault (2003). For this essay I will define the concept of medicalization, in particular, people brought their problems into the medical sphere. Also I will discuss what is meant by medicalization and in what ways we can consider the disease to be socially constructed. Sociology has a long and complex relationship with medicine. Definition of medicalization is the process of defining a behaviour as an illness or medical disorder and then treating it with a medical intervention. In this module we
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