Modernism In Heart Of Darkness

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The concept of modernism according to Schwartz “has been altered significantly by the emergence of postmodernism as an axial notion in our cultural vocabulary”(250). Modernism was set in movement, in one sense, through a series of cultural shocks and unexpected breaks which experimentation and individualism became virtues. According to Badick “Modernist literature is characterized chiefly by a rejection of 19th-century traditions and of their consensus between author and reader”. The poetry of the 19th century includes nostalgia for and old world, exotic places, fantasy elements like a fairy. American artists felt like they had to go to Europe to the cultural capitals like Paris and London. Writers and artists were struggling to find new…show more content…
The novella is about a white man who is going into the African jungle, this white man is a nameless narrator a board of the cruising yawl Nellie, held in the Thames River in England who begins to relate the story of Charlie Marlow’s river voyage in the Belgian Congo. However, this voyage is not telling us an adventure journey, there is something beyond, we penetrate into the deep soul of the man. Joseph Conrad's phrase "heart of darkness" is a clear concept that represents the contrast of darkness and light in the characters, the mood, the struggles, and the theme. At the end of the story, Marlow returns to Brussels to visit Kurtz’s fiancee. The Setting of Heart of Darkness is practically equivalent from the novella’s symbolic framework where we find a rich cultural detail and natural symbols managed by the African landscape. This essay is going to show the symbols of light and darkness in Conrad's heart of darkness and their symbolic meaning to reveal the knowledge of the truth. Conrad uses symbols as light and darkness to contrast the civilized European world with the primitive African world. But it is not also presenting the symbolism of darkness and light, at the same time he is hiding the real meaning of darkness, the real knowledge…show more content…
The whole novel moves between the relationship of the symbolic aspects of darkness and light, through his narrator Marlow, he uses every time the theme of light and dark to contrast the civilized, educated and cultured with the savage, barbaric and brutal. According to Marlow and Kurtz African people are in darkness because they are uncivilized so their mission is to give them light by educate them but the concealing truth is their power and economic desire, their real mission is to keep them under their control. Several images of death and decay also associated with the black natives, to Marlow they look like a ghost,“they were dying slowly- it was very clear. They were not enemies, they were not criminals, they were nothing earthly now,- nothing but black shadows of disease and starvation, lying confusedly in the greenish gloom”(44). The main characters of this novel describe about the atrocious aspects of dark and the path of light, but the fact is that whose are talking more about resolving the problem of darkness in African people are totally covered with the deep “fog” of darkness,“When the sun rose there was a white fog, very warm and clammy, and more blinding than the night- a cry, a very loud cry, as of infinite desolation, soared slowly in the opaque are… to me it seemed as though the mist itself had screamed, so suddenly, and apparently from all sides at
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