Modernism in Mein Kampf by Adolf Hitler

Decent Essays

Modernism was in effect expelled from Germany and many of its champions emigrated overseas as Hitler described modern art as “Bolshevist art”” in his autobiography “Mein Kampf” and “criticized the Weimar Republic for its alleged cultural weaknesses”.(Architecture and Politics in Germany )
“The Enabling Act (German: Ermächtigungsgesetz ) was a 1933 amendment to the Weimar Constitution that gave the German Cabinet – in effect, Chancellor Adolf Hitler – the power to enact laws without the involvement of the Reichstag”, The signing of this act into law by “both the Reichstag and Reichsrat on 23 March 1933” act led to the closure of the Bauhaus after only two years in its Berlin headquarters.
When Modernism was suppressed it created an opportunity for a replacement language of architecture, one which met the needs and aspirations of the Third Reich. The problem was the leadership of the National Socialist Party had differing views on what this language should be and “despite Hitler’s many pronouncements on the subject, Feder, Schirach, Ley, Goering and the other officials who became the regime’s principal architectural patrons never agreed upon a consistent theory of what Nazi architecture should be.” Hitler believed the art of his people should demonstrate that “Germanness equals Clarity”. Hitler did in his rhetoric specify and reinforce that “Nazi architecture must be heroic”. This was not however very precise, “Heroism in Hitler’s speeches referred to monumental scale

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