Modernization Of A Progressive Transition From A Modern Society

1334 Words Oct 17th, 2014 6 Pages
Modernization refers to a model of a progressive transition from a "pre-modern" or "traditional" to a "modern" society. A theory, called “Modernization Theory” is used to explain the process of modernization within societies. The theory assumes that “pre-modern” countries can be developed into “modern” countries with assistance from other countries and if they adopt more modern practices. Modernization theory looks at different aspects of the country. It looks at the social progress, internal dynamics, adaptation of new technologies, economic development, industrialization and some argue, democratization. Many scholars and historians have studied and focused on Japan’s modernization in the late 19th century and also China’s and India’s in the late 20th century. As a nation like China, which developed later than others, see modernization as a guide to rapid development. China had been through various wars and movements from the late 19th century until the mid 20th century before the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. Before the modernization of China, two major rebellions, which happened in the late 1900s had implicated strongly on her modernization process.

One of the major rebellions, which affected deeply on China’s modernization process is the Taiping Rebellion (1850 – 1864), a massive civil war in the southern China that against the ruling of Manchu Qing dynasty. It was millenarian movement led by a village teacher, unsuccessful imperial…
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