Modernization Of The Nation 's Government And Democracy

1478 Words Apr 9th, 2015 6 Pages
China became a capitalist, which resulted in modernization of its government and democracy, through the first two decades of reform after Chairman’s Mao death. These major reforms that redefined and shaped the nation’s government and democracy include…
Revitalization of State Sector and Socialism As previously mentioned, Chairman Mao had commenced considerable transformation of China through the Cultural Revolution and socialism a decade before his death. During the post-Mao era, one of the major reforms that transformed China’s government and democracy was an initiative designed by Beijing to revitalize the state sector and save socialism. This government-led reform took place in two phases beginning with the one that started at the end of 1976 under the leadership of Hua Guofeng, Mao’s designated successor. Hua combined his power base by arresting the Gang of Four and stopping the Cultural Revolution. Despite being loyal to Chairman Mao, Hua was widely recognized as an economic modernizer. Hua initiated his economic modernization program, which was primarily a state-led, investment-driven program that focused on heavy industrialization or big-push industrialization. This program was launched with the full support of Deng Xiaoping and other leaders in the country (Coase & Wang, 2013). The economic modernization program only lasted for two years because of changes in leadership and its own defects that hindered success. The second phase of revitalization of state…
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