Modernizing Mental Healthcare And The Juvenile Justice System Essay
2186 Words9 Pages
Modernizing Mental Healthcare in The Juvenile Justice System Rhoshunda Ellis Walden University Modernizing Mental Healthcare in The Juvenile Justice System Introduction As a Human Services Professional with a background in criminal justice, this article will focus on accessing and helping juvenile offenders in the United States struggling with mental health disorders. For sentenced juveniles with behavioral problems and concerns of mental health, being included in a juvenile mental health court can provide psychological, behavioral, educational, social, and familial clinical assessments for use in determining best approaches to treating the underlying causes of many delinquent behaviors. Throughout the 1930s, the Chicago School of Psychology recognized treatment for juvenile offenders that focused on the economic and social aspect of the criminal activities of juveniles, (Granello & Hanna, 2003). During this time, juvenile courts were established and designed to yield an alternative form punishment of juvenile offenders in an adult criminal system. Emphasis was being placed on rehabilitation instead of punishment; however, in the mid-1980s punishment of juvenile offenders become the top priority. Because of the severe wave of juvenile during the late 1980s, States used the beginning of the 1990s to revise their juvenile statues that they relied so heavily upon. "Under new laws, certain charges or offenses required legal responses based on the nature of the offense"