Modest Proposal Analysis Essay

1122 WordsMar 20, 20115 Pages
“A Modest Proposal” is an essay written by Jonathan Swift as a reaction to the social problem faced by the Irish in 1720’s. Swift’s daring dark and social satire and dark irony to make a statement in this literary work triggered the minds of the rich Englishmen and Irish landlords to question their actions towards the poor Irish people. By giving a drop of horror and barbarity sarcastically, Swift was able to attack the practices of those who were seated in power and exploited the rights of the impoverished. In “A Modest Proposal”, Jonathan Swift attacks the English and Irish aristocracy through the use of satire, metaphor, and irony. By equipping his literary work with sarcasm, Swift was able to create a whole new sense of scope that…show more content…
Swift’s usage of satire deeply qualifies the aristocracy to the level of being a cannibal that is molded in his need not to be taken literally of a proposal. The use of metaphor in this particular piece further Swift's initiation of plan to attack the aristocrats as it is written. The barbarity that Swift alludes in the overall surface reading that can be seen through in his proposal presents the state that the aristocrats had chose to fall into for their actions were deeply damned. When Swift mentions how he “grant this food will be somewhat dear, and therefore very proper for landlords,” he is already making a comparison of the landlords to the cannibals for they had already done the most horrifying exploitation to the Irish peasants. Swift is putting the landlords into a category that symbolize an outward manifestation of cannibalism because of the cruelty that tropes their actions. Swift's synonymous presentation of this picture in his proposal criticize the most obvious act of cruelty that is perversive and too terrifying to be committed for those who are in power. The assailing step that Swift further on had demonstrate the defamation that is triggered by his pity and deep contempt in which he continuously develop as an image that is perhaps considered most morally depraved with their own practices itself. This then turn into a reprimand that solely lies behind a figure of speech that was admonished by the
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