Modifying Behavior Case Study: The Usage Of Punishment

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1. The usage of punishment is more suitable in a case of modifying behavior excess, in comparison to modifying a behavior deficit. Punishment can be applicable in the treatment of behavior excess because punishment decreases unwanted behaviors. When a behavior occurs in excess, punishment creates an aversive stimulus, thus discouraging the behavior.. In contrast to treating a behavior deficit, where punishment would not be a wise treatment plan. If a person is punished for not reforming a behavior enough, the behavior is less likely to persists once the behavior plan stops. Through the usage of punishment, the person will not develop intrinsic motivation, nor will the punishment become a naturally occurring within the clients environment. Punishment…show more content…
If the teacher maintained, I would expect Amber’s behavior to become better in the short term and eventually return back to her former behavior in the long term. Initially, I would expect the behavior to become better fairly quickly. Amber has incentive to better her behavior and to maintain the positive, desired behavior. However, in the long term there is a high possibility of satiation. This could occur for several reasons. One reason may be that Amber receives so many silver star stickers that they no longer vary incentive. In order to expedite the process, I would change a few things about the teacher’s behavior program. One option would be to carry the type of sticker she gives Amber. This acts as better incentive because the reward of the sticker varies, and Amber can strive to get a large collection of different stickers. The teacher also should use an intermittent or variable reinforcement schedule. When Amber does not know how long she will have to behave in order to get the reinforcement, it will be more effective. It will be more effective because reinforcement is less likely to satiate and Amber is more likely to behave or longer periods of time when she doesn’t know the exact moment she will get reinforcement. 4. Non contingent reinforcement should be used at the beginning of a behavior modification plan. When starting out, a client is not going to be able to preform the desired behavior perfectly, or to the standard established as the end goal. By using no non-contingent reinforcement you are enabling the client to build confidence and gain positive reinforcement for their effort. This reinforcement acts as extrinsic motivation and can lead to intrinsic motivation, furthering the success of the treatment

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