Monetary Policy in the United States Essay

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Monetary Policy, in the United States, is the process by which the Federal Reserve controls the money supply to promote economic growth and stability. It is based on the relationship between interest rates of the economy and the total supply of money. The Federal Reserve uses a variety of monetary policy tools to control one or both of these. The Federal Reserve went into action in response to the 2008 recession by rapidly reducing interest rates with the hopes of encouraging economic growth. The federal funds target rate was decreased to between zero and .25 percent. The results of the rate changes caused what is called “zero bound”, this reduced the effectiveness of monetary policy with the near non-existence of interest rates. In…show more content…
It changed its unemployment target to 7 percent, while keeping its targeted inflation rate at 2 percent . On September 18, 2013 the Federal Reserve reaffirmed its view that a highly accommodative stance of monetary policy will remain appropriate for a considerable time after the asset purchase program ends and the economic recovery strengthens. In addition, the committee agreed to continue its monthly $85 billion purchase of Treasury and mortgage-backed securities as long as the unemployment rate remains above 6.5 percent. Inflation between one and two years ahead is projected to be no more than a half percentage point above the Committee's 2 percent longer-run goal and longer-term inflation expectations continue to be well anchored . Bank Regulatory Reform The regulatory reform process is currently moving from policymaking to the implementation phase. The implications of regulatory reform for banks has never been greater, and the ability to navigate the new environment will require strong processes that integrate regulatory compliance and changes to the business model. Planning has never been more important as reaction to each regulation could be very costly. The Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act were signed into federal law on July 21, 2010 by President Obama. These laws were passed in response to the financial crisis of 2008 with intent
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