Monoclonal Antibodies And Its Effects On Medicine

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Monoclonal Antibodies Monoclonal Antibodies (mAB, moABs) are used widely for basic research and hold a great amount of information for medicine, but what are they and how are they formed. What is the main reason we look for monoclonal antibodies? What are its purpose for use? Studies that show these Monoclonal antibodies changed medicine, and how it helped our patients today. How would these monoclonal antibodies change the future in medicine and how we care for our pa- tients. Would we be able to find a cure for HIV? The process of how we produce these Mono- clonal Antibodies will continue to change the study of medicine and our future to find a cure. Back in the 20th century, Paul Ehrlich and Elie Metchnikoff, decided to make and ex-…show more content…
Which had given them the hybridoma cells which provided them with the antibodies they were looking for to successfully complete the cycle to find an antidote for an immune dis- ease. This mixture of B-cells and myeloma cells would have hybridoma cells and make antibod- ies to known antigens and that were immortalized With this study, it won them both a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984. If the word Monoclonal Antibodies are to be broken down, then Mono - means single, type of plasma cells that produce the identical antigens. It can only match up to one type of anti- gen. Antibodies are a collation of identical proteins. Monoclonal Antibodies are used to find an- tibodies for only one type of antigen. Without monoclonal antibodies to be cloned and fused to- gether, the process of finding stabilizing cancer and another autoimmune disease would have never been started. Unlike polyclonal antibodies which are used to to produced different plasma cents and bind to a different type of epitopes. How do we prepare monoclonal antibodies (mAB) with a type of antigens? An immune cell or a myeloma cell. These molecules can interact with cells of immune, they are also known as proteins. These antigens have the different type of sites were cells can react and match to the different type of antibodies. To only study and form Monoclonal antibodies, these antibodies only can match up to one site of an antigen. The fusing of antigens to antibodies is called epi- tope.
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