Monothelitism as Opposed to Dyothelitism

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Monothelitism is a subject concerning Jesus having two natures but one will. The opposing, which is commonly known as Dyothelitism, is the idea that Jesus has both two natures and two wills. Monothelitism was a heresy that occurred during the 7th century. (Chapman) This controversy started with Emperor Heraclius who wanted to unite people under one idea. With the help of Sergius of Constantinople, they got Pope Honorius to agree with the idea that Christ had one energy. Pope Honorius, however, was later condemned of heresy. Sophronius, a monk who lived in Palestine, disagreed with the compromise that was made, he made it clear that he thought that Dyothelitism was an important aspect of Christianity. In 638, the Emperor responded to Sophronius’ ideas with an edict titled “Exposition of the Faith” which said that people were no longer permitted to discuss the matter, and that Christ had one will. (“History of the Christian Church…”) There was support for this idea, though there was resistance as well. Specifically, Maximus Confessor and Pope Martinus. These two were very strong in their position of support for Dyothelitism. In 648, Emperor Constans II made an edict titled “Type” that he hoped would create peace. The edict called for silence on the topic that was being debated, and took a neutral view on the subject. The emperor was later informed that Monothelitism had been declared a heresy. Constans II, in response to this, imprisoned the pope and made sure he received

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