Montessori on "Discipline" and "Obedience"

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Montessori philosophy interprets “discipline” (Montessori,1988) and “obedience” (Montessori, 1988) in a different way than any other philosophy does. This essay intends to discuss and define those two important factors in detail and explains the difference between them.” Discipline” and “obedience” can only be discussed in combination with freedom in a prepared environment. Freedom not only allows the child to progress in his/her own pace, it also fosters the child’s emerging inner discipline. However within this freedom the teacher needs to introduce and support some basic ground rules to maintain a safe and respectful environment where each child is happy and content. (MCI, Philosophy module, 2003) Montessori believes that a child is…show more content…
Only through obedience is it possible to have a social life. (Montessori, 1988) Obedience and discipline are linked with each other. When the child got to a stage where he/she is able to concentrate over a longer period, he/she is going to start repeating activities .Therefore she/he builds up her control of movement and gains independence. This leads to self-discipline. The child starts to use his/her skills to perfect them, he/she takes responsibility for his/her own actions and is able to follow rules. After attaining self-discipline the child has got the power to obey. After achieving all those stages you can see a disciplined and obedient child through his/her own will power. (MCI Philosophy Module, 2003) “The freedom to develop one’s own powers is the cornerstone of Montessori education.” (MCI Philosophy Module (2003), page 56) One of the first instincts of a child is to do things by him/herself. The child is only able to develop along the natural path if he/she is independent and free. Many people oppose to Montessori’s idea of freedom. They combine freedom with chaos and indiscipline. However Montessori believed the child can only reveal him/herself in a free environment. To establish freedom the child needs to be guided towards independence, will and discipline. First the child needs activities he/she can do by him/herself. Second the child needs activities which encourage him/her to achieve a goal through co-ordinated movements. This will
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