Moral Development And Gender Related Reasoning Styles Essay

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Moral Development & Gender-Related Reasoning Styles Lawrence Kohlberg (who was Director of Harvard 's Center of Moral Development), was a child development expert of his time, and considered himself a philosopher of morality. His work on stages of moral development proved indispensable (though not without its critiques), and continues to serve as a fundamental study on our motivation and reasoning, in relation to ethics and morality. Kohlberg 's studies are an adaption of earlier principles from a theory conceived by a Swiss developmental psychologist and philosopher (Jean Piaget). There are three main stages of moral developmental as described by Kohlberg, which I will discuss, and also critiques on Kohlberg 's work, which include the lack of evidence as it pertains to gender-related differences in moral development and moral reasoning styles. To begin the dissection of Kohlberg 's studies, one must begin with defining and understanding Kohlberg 's stages. They are classified as pre-convention, conventional, and post-conventional. The pre-conventional classification contains stages one and two, the conventional classification contains stages three and four, and the post-conventional classification, as you would expect, contains stages five and six. Stage one pertains to obedience and punishment, and stage two pertains to individualism, instrumentalism, and exchange. Stage three contains subject matter in relation to interpersonal
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