Moral Development In To Kill A Mockingbird

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Lawrence Kohlberg is known for his theory of moral development developed in 1958. His theory was dependent on the thinking of Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget and American philosopher John Dewey. It consists of three levels of moral reasoning: preconventional, conventional, and postconventional. These levels are based on the degree to which an individual accommodates to the conventional standards of society. Each level aquires two stages that serve as different standards of sophistication in moral reasoning. Overall, Kohlberg affirms that moral development is a process of maturing that emerges from thinking about about moral issues (“Kohlberg’s Moral Development”). Jem Finch is one of the main characters in Harper Lee’s novel To Kill A…show more content…
Evidently, negative actions would result in some form of punishment. For example, a little kid at school wouldn’t steal someone else 's toy because they’d fear getting punished by the teacher. For stage two, there is a minor difference in one 's reasoning. Stage two now has to do with mutual benefits and focuses on individualism (Kohlberg 's Theory). Morals are now guided by what is seen as “fair”. This stage portrays that the “right” behavior means acting in one’s own finest interest (A summary of Lawrence). An example for this would be someone being rude towards another individual because that same person was being rude earlier to them (Lawrence Kohlberg). Kohlberg’s second level from his theory is conventional moral reasoning. This is primarily people following social norms and customs (Kohlberg’s Theory). The laws and rule are sustained simply because they are laws and rules that must be followed (“Kohlberg’s Moral Development”). The second level is generally found in society hence the name of this level being “conventional”. Stages three and four are included in the conventional level. Stage three focuses heavily on peer approval (Lawrence Kohlberg). Individuals are merely trying to please others so they will follow rules or do what others want them to do in order to gain their approval (“Kohlberg’s Moral Development”). Many will follow
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