Moral Theories Of Utilitarianism And Deontological Ethics

1266 Words Dec 6th, 2014 6 Pages
Beidong Zhang
Philosophy 108
Prof. Meredith Gunning
Final Examination
December, 6, 2014
Section A Moral theories of Utilitarianism and Deontology Utilitarianism and deontological ethics are two major theories of ethics, specifying and justifying moral principles. Utilitarianism has been clarified by Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873). Bentham proposed that actions are based upon the consequences (Moreland, 2009), and ongoing work on his theory will help in providing grounds for legal actions. His ideas regarding every human keeping his interests above the interests of others, were further worked by Mill (Sweet, n.d). Utilitarianism tries to improve the moral state of the world for as many people as possible, by attributing the intentions of actions and the overall non moral good following the action, which should be considered for a decision. Utilitarianism refers to the utility earned by the consequence of an action, which is either right or wrong. A major advantage of the theory is that it seeks benefit for the greatest number of people. However, a major drawback is that it considers immoral acts as also right, if they benefit the majority. Deontology, on the converse, argues that performing an act depends upon the intrinsic values of a person, and the consequences should not only be considered for determining an act as right or wrong. Moreover, principles of morality should be equally applicable to all. Immanuel Kant argued that right acts are…
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