Moral and Ethical Issues

1713 Words Jul 28th, 2006 7 Pages
Moral and ethical issues greet us each morning in the newspaper, confront us in the fundamentals of our daily jobs, encounter us from our children's daily school activities, and bid us good night on the evening news. We are bombarded daily with discussions of drug abuse, the morality of medical technologies that can prolong our lives, the rights of the homeless and abortion, the fairness of our children's teachers to the diverse students in their classrooms, and sexual morality. Dealing with these moral and ethical issues is often perplexing especially when individuals are trying to think through an ethical issue and determine what questions to ask and what factors should be considered.
Personally I have encountered several events in my
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Second, ask who will be affected by each action and what benefits or harms will be derived from each. Third, a person must choose the action that will produce the least harm and the greatest benefit. The ethical action is the one that provides the greatest good for the greatest number.
The second important approach to ethics, the rights approach, has its beginnings in the philosophy of the 18th-century thinker Immanuel Kant and others like him, who focused on the individual's right to choose for himself or herself. According to these philosophers, what makes human beings different from mere things is that people have dignity based on their ability to choose freely what they will do with their lives, and they have a moral right to have these choices respected. People are not objects to be manipulated because it is a violation of human dignity to use people in ways they do not freely choose. Many different rights exist besides this basic one. These other rights can be thought of as different aspects of the basic right to be treated as we choose.
· The right to the truth: We have a right to be told the truth and to be informed about matters that affect our choices.
· The right of privacy: We have the right to believe, do, and say whatever we choose in our personal lives so long as we do not violate the rights of others.
· The right not to be injured: We have the right not to be injured or harmed unless we freely and knowingly do something to deserve