Morality Essay

618 Words 3 Pages
Plato Republic

     Socrates engages in conversations with people claiming to be experts, usual in ethical matters. By asking simple questions, Socrates gradually reveals that these people were in fact very confused and did not actually know anything about the matters about which they claimed to be an expert. Morality is the ethical matter that is brought up in Plato’s Republic. Socrates argues the response of Cephalus, Polemarchus and Thrasymachus on what morality is.
     The question of morality came up when Socrates and Cephalus, who is a rich old man, were having a conversation about money. Socrates asks Cephalus if being rich makes it easier to enjoy old age. At first, Cephalus
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Polemarchus says what Simonides was trying to say was friends owe friends good deeds not bad ones. Socrates responds by saying, what Simonides meant was we give back to people what is appropriate for them or owed to them. Socrates makes a point that morality only seems useful when something is not being used, for example when money need to be saved. Socrates asks if a moral person can harm anyone and Polemarchus agreed that a moral person could harm an evil man. What Socrates was trying to get at was well if this man was really moral why is he trying to harm anyone. Polemarchus agreed to this, which basically went against everything he said in the opening of this conversation.
     Thrasymachus interjected by saying that Socrates is taking the easy way out. He said if Socrates wants to know what morality is, then don’t just ask questions and look for applause by refuting any and every answer that is given. He says Socrates feels that it is easier to ask questions then to answer them. Thrasymacus sounds so intelligent but falls in to Socrates trap anyway. Their arguments were about craftsmen, designed to show that humans don't always act out of self-interest. And an argument about whether the life of an unjust or immoral person is "superior" to that of a just or moral person. Also whether injustice is "stronger" than justice. Finally an argument about
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