Morality's Biological Nature

2047 Words Jun 19th, 2018 9 Pages
Morality's Biological Nature: Implications for the Attribution of "Good" and "Evil".

"A man who has no assured and ever present belief in the existence of a personal God or of a future existence with retribution and reward, can have for his rule of life, as far as I can see, only to follow those impulses and instincts which are the strongest or which seem to him the best ones. . . . If he acts for the good of others, he will receive the approbation of his fellow men and gain the love of those with whom he lives." - Charles Darwin

In my last paper "Serial Killers: Just trying to feel normal, it's not my fault" (4) I addressed the question as to whether biology can make us murderers. In my paper I catalogued multiple instances in
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These individuals may simply be impaired and 'hard-wired' incorrectly, in such a way that they do not fall into a category of 'evil' or 'wrong', but into a category of 'less wrong', and even 'unfortunate' individuals who have been denied the ability to empathize with others and understand the inherently (and mandatory) intentional natures of 'good' and 'evil' behaviors. As science begins to unravel personality, accountability unravels with it. "The person becomes his parts - some working, some defective through no fault of his own." (4)

"Morality is as firmly grounded in neurobiology as anything else we do or are," said de Waal (6). Morality must be seen as a state that is available to our species as a whole, and thus the biological impairment of not having morality would be seen as what allows us to throw off the drastic label of 'evil' for he who has impairment. The idea that morality might be a biological trait in the human nature dates even back to the father of evolution. In The Descent of Man, Charles Darwin addressed the development of a moral sense from a naturalistic perspective (1). He implies that 'morality' could have arisen as a consequence of human beings' biological and social characteristics. This would imply that it is
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