Morals, Ethics, And Modern Thinking Essay

1367 Words6 Pages
Morals, Ethics, and Modern thinking
Morality is the social practice of what we define as right and wrong. Rules, policies, customs vary all over the world in all kinds of settings. Some think that if you “use your good judgment” or “let your conscience be your guide” you are promoting good morality. When we disagree about what is good morality, is there a theory out there that will resolve the disagreement? Factual information of income inequality shows a divergence from moral ethics and the consequences are dire. Miriam-Webster defines “good” as something conforming to the moral order of the universe and “morality” as a doctrine or a system of moral conduct (Merriam). I will apply the Utilitarian moral theory and the Kantian moral theory to this issue, and show that no matter how you look at it or what theory you subscribe to, good morality is lacking in the acceptance of the current income inequality that exists in the world today.
Classical Utilitarian thinkers like Jeremy Bentham, an act utilitarian, and John Stuart Mill, more of a duty utilitarian, thought that Utilitarianism defines an act as morally right if it produces the greatest good for the greatest number of people. This is the principle that “it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong” (Driver). Bentham defined the “fundamental axiom” of his philosophy as the “greatest happiness principle” or pleasure and freedom from pain

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