Mortal Questions by Thomas Nagel

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In “Mortal Questions," Thomas Nagel attempts to show that some human experiences are completely beyond understanding. Nagel attempts to justify that even though your life has ends, the choices one makes will not influence the end result. Nagel first clarifies his position by defining a few terms. Agent, as Nagel describes it, is defined as being in control of one’s life. Nagel states that end results are influenced by a combination of factors and that it is not in the agent’s control. In this paper, I will describe Nagels reasoning for believing that one cannot control their ends and fates. Fate is the event beyond a person’s control. Then, I will provide two reasons to object that the idea that one’s actions do not influence the end results is false. Nagel proposes that ends, or final outcomes, though they might not be under one’s control, should not be our responsibility. He supports his argument by stating that the consequences are not within our control after actions are carried out. For example, he argues that upon the surrounding circumstances changing the final result will change as well. He uses the word moral luck to describe these indescribably incidents. Moral luck, as Nagel defines it, is the aspect that people judge someone based on their actions which relies heavily on the factors beyond their control. Nagel also states that due to these circumstances that will alter the final result we should not be scrutinized for our results. Following these supporting
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