Motion Picture History Essay

950 Words 4 Pages
Before World War I, films were being made mostly European countries and in Japan. When the war interrupted European filmmaking, however, the American film industry began to dominate the world market. In the years between 1917 and 1927 the silent film reached the peak of its development. United States had the largest film industry and American films dominated the international market.

Germany and Japan still had some movie industries but mostly left to domestic. Many nations found film production as a matter of importance to national culture, sometimes by limiting on film imports. D. W. Griffith transformed early day of domestic production to an era of Hollywood’s worldwide dominance.

Major companies that dominated Hollywood were Fox,
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Germany's films were based on history, literature, and mythology. The enormous production facilities of the government enabled most films to be made indoors. Innovators at the large German studios also created new techniques in lighting and staging. In contrast with the Germans, Soviet filmmakers preferred natural settings and used the Russian people as cast members. From the start, Soviet films were closely related to the propaganda efforts of the Communist regime, and film was recognized by Premier Nikolai Lenin as the best way to reach the people.

From the time of the first motion pictures many people tried to synchronize phonograph records with films without success. Some theaters used machines to emit sound effects behind the screen; others hired actors to read aloud during the film. Pianists and organists, who tried to match their selections to the mood and pace of the action on the screen, provided musical accompaniments. Full orchestras in many of the large theaters accompanied some of the more spectacular silent films. Sound films became possible through the development of the means to record sound directly on film and of the audio amplifier, which provided sufficient volume of sound for large theaters. Lee De Forest, who exhibited brief sound films to the public in 1923, pioneered both of these