Motivation And Its Effect On Motivation

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The current state of education puts little emphasis on intrinsic motivation yet asks “how can I motivate my students?” “Children are intrinsically motivated to learn, to undertake challenges, and to solve problems” (Deci & Ryan, p. 11) and this is the theme of the research. Intrinsic motivation is already built into the child since birth and it is the education system that is tearing it down. Teachers believe that extrinsic motivation or using rewards will improve the outcome of the task and will motivate the students to continue. Which in truth, the learning environments need to be less controlled and learners should have a choice about their learning, content should be relevant to them and interesting, and they must feel accepted in the classroom.

“Motivation can be defined as the process by which children’s goal-directed activity is instigated and attained” (Pintrich & Schunk, 1996, p. 159). The purpose of motivation is to keep the individual moving toward the goal and with that the motivation can either be intrinsic or extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation is participating in a desired activity just for the pleasure and this is central to humans’ tendencies to learn and develop. While with extrinsic motivation the desired activity has some type of outcome such as praise or a reward attached to the activity.
Intrinsic Motivation at a Young Age Carlton, M and Winsler, A (1998) begin with discussing that when children are born they are
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