Motivation, Co Operative Learning And An Effective Learning Environment

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This essay will focus on strategies based on the concept of motivation, co-operative learning and an effective learning environment that a teacher in primary or secondary education can implement in order to promote classroom participation and subject engagement. The essay will take into consideration individual differences such as varied student intelligence and learning difficulties students may suffer from, such as Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). One of the key aspects in increasing participation and engagement in the classroom is the role of motivation. Children can be motivated for a variety of reasons where the classical distinction lies between intrinsic motivation, which is defined as doing an activity for its inherent interest or enjoyment and extrinsic motivation, which refers to attaining an outcome that is separable from the activity itself (Becker, McElvany & Kortenbruck, 2010; Deci, 1971 as cited from De Naeghel, 2013). Harter (1991) found that children’s intrinsic motivation decreases and they feel increasingly alienated, across the preschool to high school years of education. This can result in disaffected children who do not try hard, give up easily in the face of challenges and can be withdrawn from learning opportunities or even rebellious toward teachers and classmates (Skinner & Belmont, 1993), hence resulting in a lack of classroom engagement and participation. Therefore teachers firstly need to be supportive to their students, as

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