Motivation, Hygiene Theory And The Acquired Needs Theory

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Managers always want to get the best performance from their employees to help increase company profits and growths. Therefore to do this, managers need to motivate their employees to become more efficient and productive in order to achieve organisational goals. The word ‘motivation’ refers to the internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested and committed to a job, role or subject, or to make an effort to attain a goal. Several theorists such as Abraham Maslow, Frederick Herzberg and David MCClelland have proposed their own theories of motivation in a workplace; the hierarchy of needs, the motivation hygiene theory and the acquired needs theory. These theories are referred to as the…show more content…
According to Maslow, Human beings have needs that are hierarchy ranked (Maslow, 1943) and as they fulfil most of the needs of one level, they then move up to the next level satisfying the higher level of needs. The five sets of needs are physiological needs, safety or security needs, social needs, esteem needs and self-actualisation. The growth of self-actualisation refers to the need for personal growth and discovery that is present throughout a person’s life which is ranked on top of his hierarchy. Then again, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory may be outdated since businesses have changed overtime and is considered bias, where the theory may longer be applicable to modern day businesses. Many years ago, the business world was a changed place. During the economic boom of World War 2, firms were industrious and dynamic and during that time Maslow observed that people possessed the five sets of needs in his hierarchy. The business world now however, a number of businesses are still trying to recover from the Global Financial Crisis back in 2010, and as a result of this they are faced to sink or swim. People in this day and age must have different needs compared to individuals back then. Maslow knew that humans have needs despite cultural difference, but his ordering of needs within the hierarchy was not correct and did not apply to everyone. Before
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