Motivation In The Public Organization Essay

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Motivation In The Public Organization

Managing today’s public organization is much more complicated than it was ten to twenty years ago. The external environment is changing faster than organizations can move to meet the changing demands. The ideology behind the bureaucracy or public organization is much like that of our United States Constitution, designed for stability and endurance. For this reason, the public organization has operated internally under strict guidelines while resisting change. These ideas have passed through generations of bureaucrats as, "the way things are done." In this manner, organizations hire specialists to perform routine procedures to provide some good, product, or service to the community. Employees are
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If citizens refused, the armed men were there to implement the king’s rule by force.

Weber’s belief of the bureaucracy is based on organization and power. The foundation of this organization and power is legitimate authority. According to Weber there are three types of legitimate authority: one is rational-legal authority, " resting on a belief in the ‘legality’ of patterns of normative rules and the right of those elevated to authority under such rules to issue command; traditional authority, resting on an established belief in the sanctity of immemorial traditions and the legitimacy of the status of those exercising authority under them; and charismatic authority, resting on devotion to the specific and exceptional sanctity, heroism, or exemplary character of an individual person, and of the normative patterns or order revealed or ordained by him. " Weber felt that the rational-legal authority was the most efficient and consistent of the three. However, he felt that defining what constituted rational-legal authority was equally important to defining the bureaucracy. He did this by establishing a model that would encompass all the elements needed for a bureaucracy. These elements are:

Division of Labor- work is divided by work and type, with jurisdictional boundaries for each working unit without overlapping or duplicating functions;
Hierarchy- clear levels of
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