Motivation Methods

2271 Words Jun 8th, 2006 10 Pages
Short statement of intent

Motivation is a key element in the workplace and it is very important to know the basic theories methods and application because it is something that unavoidable all for us will come up with in our working environment. It is a necessary skill for a future manager or leader to know how to motivate other people in order to work more efficient. Thought this project I become more familiar with the subject and more realized about the importance of motivation.

Executive summary
Motivating employees is a key issue for most managers. In order to achieve a high level of performance and productivity, managers nowadays are inclined to pay more attention on this issue. Different employees need different motivation. This
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Once the need is satisfied, then the individual will try to satisfy the next level. Salary and working conditions do play an important role in the motivation of the employees to do better. Salary is important especially in the first two stages of the hierarchy as they need to work in order to survive.
Another important theory is Alderfer's ERG theory. Alderfer modified Maslow's hierarchy of needs by collapsing the five needs levels into three, namely existence needs, relatedness needs and growth needs. Existence needs refer to basic survival needs that everyone must satisfy to maintain life. Relatedness needs draw people into interpersonal contact for social emotional acceptance, caring and status. Growth needs involve personal development and a sense of self-worth. Alderfer modified Maslow's hierarchy of needs by collapsing the five needs levels into three, namely existence needs, relatedness needs and growth needs.
Herzberg's theory of motivation however is different from the other motivational theories. After many years of research, he concluded that there were two kinds of factors in any jobs, hygiene and motivation. The motivation-hygiene model is based on the idea that one set of job characteristics determines the degree of worker dissatisfaction (hygiene) and another set determines the degree of positive satisfaction (motivation). The hygiene factors involve the context in which the work is preformed. They

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