Motivation Students With Learning Disabilities

886 WordsApr 28, 20154 Pages
Motivation in Students with Learning Disabilities Rizka Puspitarani (3490616) What is Learning Disability? Learning disabilities (LD), or in some clinical cases called specific learning disorder, is a neurodevelopmental disorder which the individual is experiencing difficulties in learning and using academic skills (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Person with LD usually shows at least one difficulty in literacy (i.e.: inaccurate or slow and takes effort to read, difficult to understand the meaning of what he/she reads, difficult to spell words, or difficult with written expression) or in numerical reasoning (i.e.: number sense, calculation, or mathematical reasoning). Dyslexia and dyscalculia are the examples of specific cases in LD. The prevalence of school-age children with LD is 5%-15% of the population across different language and cultures with males have higher risk than females (2:1 to 3:1); while the prevalence of adults with LD is approximately 4%. The prognostic factors of LD might because of genetic factors or environmental factors (i.e.: premature, low birth weight, or nicotine exposure during prenatal). How is motivation in students with LD? Number of studies had examined motivation in students with LD. The results show that motivation score is lower in children with LD (Grolnick & Ryan, 1990; Lincoln & Chazan, 1979). In Grolnick and Ryan study (1990), both teacher and students themselves reported significantly less autonomous and less motivated than
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