Motivation: The Undelying Cause on People's Behaviors
3365 WordsFeb 16, 201813 Pages
Motivation is the underlying cause on people’s behaviors. There are two major categories of motivations: Intrinsic motivation; extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation relates to positive internal needs and extrinsic motivators are some external instrumental values (Ryan & Deci, 2000).
There are many theories that try to explain intrinsic motivation. In cognitive evaluation theory (CET)-a branch of self-determination theory, intrinsic motivation is the need of competence and self-determination (Deci, Koestner & Ryan, 2001). Accordingly, it suggests that strategies that enhance the need of competence and autonomy can promote intrinsic motivation. For example, informational rewards such as positive feedback contribute to intrinsic motivation by enhancing perceived self-competence. Choices and chances for self-directions can improve intrinsic motivation too, because they bring about a sense of autonomy (Deci, Koestner & Ryan, 2001). In teleonomic theory of the self, intrinsic motivation is viewed as a self-reinforcing. It studies what happens when people feel intrinsically motivated. Two essential factors are mentioned: flow-a positive and intensive psychological state which makes people fully engages in the task and a perceived balance between challenges of tasks and self-skills (Waterman et al., 2003). In order to reach the state of flow, people have to perceive balanced and high levels of task challenges and skills (Waterman et al., 2003). In eudaimonistic identity