Motivation Theories, Content And Process Theories

910 WordsApr 16, 20154 Pages
Motivation in the workplace can often be a difficult challenge for organizations to address. The capability to effect motivation is believed to be vital in a corporation, as a motivated worker is often an effective one. Needs theories of motivation are implemented in order to assist managers in improving employee’s work rate, efficiency and output. There are two main types of needs motivation theories, content and process theories. These methods also try to ensure employee turnover will decrease when factors such as job security, organizational commitment and satisfaction are guaranteed. (Udechukwu, 2009). In mentioning the benefits to these theories, they have come under harsh criticism as to their reliability across varying businesses and their relevance to contemporary management practices. It is often said that some of these theories when they were written, were just accepted and not tested extensively lacking empirical support (Wahba and Bridwell, 1976). Other theories have been criticized for being …. A human’s psychological needs play a very intrinsic role in motivating an individual in workplaces today. Managers may often ask themselves, what will drive my employees to strive for success? Abraham Harlod Maslow, an American psychologist best known for creating a content motivation theory known as Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, attempts to answer this question by stating, “we are motivated by the desire to achieve or maintain the various conditions upon which these
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