Motivation Theories

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“Motivation is the will and desire that a person has to engage in a particular behaviour or perform a particular task” (Lawley & King, P269). In life motivation will be needed to enhance the workforce in various ways, many organisations will use motivation to increase the percentage yield of an individual or to make an individual feel a part of the business or organisation. Incentives have a huge influence on behaviourist & extrinsic approach. In addition other aspects; humanist theorist, intrinsic approach, Taylorism and Fordism have a part in perception of motivation.

The first theory is incentive theory which suggests people are motivated to do things because of external rewards after an action is preformed which is linked to
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Both of these can be seen at such content by Maslow (1943). In regards to pay which is extrinsic, plus linked to Taylorism. Taylor based his views on motivation on the conjecture of homo economics by believing people are just motivated by pay and economic alone, he based this on his principles were he used a scientific method to study work and determine the most efficient way to perform specific tasks, he match workers to their jobs based on capabilities plus incentives, and trained them to work at maximum efficiency by monitoring worker performance by supervising to ensure that they're using the most efficient ways of working. This allows workers to work while managers allocate training, so workers work effectively. Taylor felt that workers should get a fair day's pay for a fair day's work, and that pay should be linked to the amount produced. Workers who did not deliver would be paid less. Vice versa workers who exceeded the target would be paid more.

Taylorism can be linked to Fordism in relation to pay. Henry Ford introduced the $5 rather than piece rate, this came with wholesale mechanization and rationalization and exceedingly controlled operational conditions (Lawley & King) workers disliked
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