Motivation in The Workplace

1771 WordsJun 22, 20188 Pages
When it is discovered that a worker can fulfill the requirements of their job, but are experiencing shortcomings in doing so, many times it is believed that worker motivation may be the root of the problem (Laird 95). What, though, is work motivation? According to Laird (2006), “motivation is a fundamental component of performance “ and “is the reason that someone chooses to do some things and chooses not to do others”. In other words, work motivation is what energizes workers to the level of output required to fulfill a task, directs their energy towards the objectives that they need to accomplish, and sustains that level of effort over a period of time (Steers et al., 2004). In essence, worker motivation is what gets the job done.…show more content…
Focusing primarily on work motivation, Hackman and Oldham (445) created a model that emphasized individual personality and job characteristics as the determining factors of employee motivation. According to this theory, known as the Job Characteristics Theory, all jobs can be divided into five core job dimensions (skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback) which then influence three psychological states (meaningfulness, knowledge, and responsibility of work) and result in desired personal and work outcomes, such as satisfaction and motivation (Hackman & Oldham 447). In a recently conducted meta-analysis, strong support for this particular needs-motives-value theory was discovered. The data outlined in the study displays that 34% of variance in work performance and 55% of variance in job satisfaction can be determined by job characteristics (Humphrey, Nahrgang, & Morgeson, 2007). The second subsystem of motivational theories focuses not on the “inner needs” of individuals as the basis for motivation, but on the ability as human beings to be rational decision-makers. These theories, known as Cognitive Choice Theories, assume that human beings are not controlled by the need to accomplish innate inner desires, but that they employ cognitive processes that enable them to make choices based on their own personal desires to achieve a

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