Motivational Acts : Theories And Studies Abound

1921 Words8 Pages
Motivational Acts Many theories and studies abound to help leaders understand what prompts a person to pursue a course of action and to do so with enthusiasm and persistence; and one such group is known as the "needs-based" theory. The emphasis in “needs-based” theories is on one’s needs. It is irrefutable that all of us have certain needs which must be satisfied so that we can be happy, such as the need for food, money, safety, and recognition. Proponents of this group state that these needs are the “source of an internal drive that motivates specific behaviors with which to fulfill them”; and one will work hard- with enthusiasm and persistence to do so (Daft, 2005, p. 226). Maslow’s “hierarchy of needs” is a well-known “needs-based” theory, which proposes that humans are motivated by multiple needs, which exist in a hierarchal order of lower and higher needs (Daft, 2005, p. 229). According to Maslow, the higher needs cannot be satisfied until the lower ones are met (Daft, 2005, p. 229). Today, the workplace is diverse – each worker comes with its own set of backgrounds, values -- and needs. The successful leader recognizes the fact of – the oftentimes competing -- multiple needs and takes steps to design a workplace in which all needs are taken into consideration to be met, which is no small feat! For instance, a leader might satisfy one’s lower needs by providing a reward system based on bonuses or commissions; or design a workplace in which one’s higher needs, such as

More about Motivational Acts : Theories And Studies Abound

Open Document