Motivational Interviewing And Alcohol Use Disorder

1784 Words Jun 30th, 2016 8 Pages
Motivational Interviewing and Alcohol Use Disorder Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a treatment strategy created to encourage a person to move from ambivalence to change talk defined as “any self-expressed language that is an argument for change” (Miller & Rollnick, 2012, p. 159). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5;) categorizes Substance Use Disorder as an umbrella diagnosis identifying individuals with a substance abuse or dependence disorder that designates the social, physical and emotional consequences of substance abuse. Although there are six use disorders listed under the Substance Use Disorder category; this paper focuses strictly on Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). The purpose of this paper is to examine how MI is an effective therapeutic intervention for people who have AUD and how change talk helps patients move past ambivalence.
Overview
“According to the DSM-5, a diagnosis of substance use disorder is based on evidence of impaired control, social impairment, risky use and pharmacological criteria” (samhsa.gov, 2015). The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) reports that 52.7% of Americans age 12 years and older reported being current drinkers (2015). It is estimated that 17 million Americans have an AUD based on the criteria of the DSM-5. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) defines drinking in three levels: moderate drinking, binge drinking, and heavy drinking. Moderate drinkers…
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