Motivations for Pleasure Vacation

7629 Words Mar 30th, 2011 31 Pages
John L. Crompton Department of Recreation & Parks Texas A&M University, USA

Crompton, John L., "Motivations for Pleasure Vacations," Annals of Tourism Research, October/December 1979, VI(4):408-424. The study is concerned with identifying those motives of pleasure vacationers which influence the selection of a destination. It also seeks to develop a conceptual framework capable of encompassing such motives. Empirically nine motives were identified. Seven were classified as socio-psychological, namely: escape from a perceived mundane environment, exploration and evaluation of self, relaxation, prestige, regression, enhancement of kinship relationships, and facilitation of social interaction. The two
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Hence, satisfactory resolution of the tension state is the criterion against which alternative actions are compared, contrasted, and evaluated. In the study reported here, the concern was to identify states of tension or causes of disequilibrium which provoked respondents' decisions to select particular vacation destinations. It is recognized that motivation is only one of many variables which may contribute to explaining tourist behavior. To expect motivation to account for a large portion of the variance in tourist behavior is probably asking too much since there may be many other interrelated influences operating. Nevertheless, motivation is considered a critical variable because it is the impelling and compelling- force behind all


behavior (Berkman and Gilson 1978). The question of concern in this study i.s well-expressed by Smith and Turner (1973): Just what motivates people? What does Florence have over sitting in front of the telly? Why the Fjords of Norway over lying on a beach in the sun? Why Bali - or Acapulco? -- or wherever? Even more interestingly, why do some people choose not to take holidays at all? Are they just poor, or do they have ideological objections? It has been suggested that it is possible to describe the who, when, where and how of tourism, together with the economic and

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