Mount Vesuvius Eruption 79 A.D.

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Mount Vesuvius What? – Mount Vesuvius is a stratovolcano located near the bay of Naples in Italy (at the convergent boundary where the African Plate is being subducted beneath the Eurasian Plate), and it is mostly known for its eruption year 79 A.D. that buried the city Pompeii under a thick layer of volcanic ash. Although the destruction of the Roman cities Pompeii and Herculaneum is mostly mentioned when talking about the eruption, Mount Vesuvius also affected other cities such as Oplontis, Stabiae, and Nuceria. (Santillo Frizell 2006) Stratovolcanoes – What? – Stratovolcanoes are tall, conical volcanoes that are heavily layered with hardened lava and volcanic ash. This layered structure is built up from the sequential outflow of…show more content…
(Cashdollar et al. 1982) A Plinian eruption, also known as a Vesuvian eruption, is an eruption marked by columns of gas and volcanic ash extending high into the atmosphere, as well as a large amount of pumice and very continuous gas blast eruptions. A pyroclastic flow is one of the most dangerous forces released by an erupting volcano. A column of hot gas and ash is thrown into the air and collapses under its own weight. It then roars down the side of the volcano, obliterating everything in its path. (Watson 2011) The collapse of the gases in the pyroclastic flow was divided into several surges, and it is believed that surges 4 and 5 destroyed Pompeii. Pompeii, along with Herculaneum, was mostly destroyed and buried under 4 to 6 meters of ash and pumice. (Santillo Frizell 2006) Importance – As we know now, Pompeii was buried although not completely destroyed by the powerful eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Today, the buried buildings of the ancient city have been uncovered and have survived to show us in amazing detail what town-life was like under Roman rule, and because of this, the discovery of Pompeii is of huge importance for our understanding of the Roman world. When the pyroclastic flow enveloped Pompeii, its inhabitants were buried along with their city. Ash solidified around their bodies that eventually rotted away, leaving behind human-shaped holes – found by archaeologists more than 1,000 years later. These casts reveal the final

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