Mountain Ranges of North America: The Rocky Mountains

1839 Words Jun 15th, 2018 8 Pages
The Rocky Mountains are an incredible mountain range located in North America in the Western Hemisphere. The mountain range stretches from northern Colorado and into southwestern Canada. It is home to a diverse ecosystem, both geographically and biologically and is revered as a monumental landform worldwide. The geologic history of the Rocky Mountains has come about as an aggregation of millions of years. Briefly speaking, the formation of the Rockies transpired from hundreds and millions of years of uplift by tectonic plates and millions of years of erosion and ice have helped sculpt the mountains to be what we see today. The majority of the rocks that make up the Rocky Mountains began as simple shale, siltstone, and sandstone …show more content…
Rocky Mountain National Park in Colorado states that there are 150 lakes and 450 miles of streams. This kind of wetland ecosystem is prominent for featuring dense wildlife environments in which elk, moose, big horn sheep, black bears, and cougars thrive. Furthermore, the Continental Divide is located in the Rocky Mountains. The Rocky Mountains are widely considered one of the most biologically diverse regions in the world and the Rocky Mountain’s flora and fauna are no exception. Elk herds can range from 300 to 800 each winter, approximately 350 bighorn sheep, and various mule and deer populations, along with small geese populations flying overhead. It is precisely this diversity that makes the Rockies so appealing to tourists every year. In addition, there are 60 other species of mammals, 280 recorded bird species, six amphibian species (the endangered boreal toad is included), one reptile (i.e. garter snake), 11 species of fish, and countless species of insects, including a large number of butterflies. Elk can be seen regularly by visitors during fall rut, or mating season. Elk are prominent among the meadows and densely populated forests. During the summer, elk are likely to stay above treeline and move to lower elevations during the seasons of fall, winter, and spring. Also, elk generally feed around dusk and dawn. Bighorn sheep can be spotted around lakes in the Rocky Mountains while moose frequent the willows

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