Multimodal Transport

4849 Words Feb 20th, 2009 20 Pages
Multimodal Transportation in India, China, Australia, USA and Europe

MULTI MODAL TRANSPORTATION
Multimodal transportation is the movement of cargo from the point of origin to the final destination, by using two or more modes of transport. Multimodal transportation describes a shipment that takes several means of transportation – rail, road, ocean, air – from its point of departure to its point of destination.

The concept of international multimodal transport covers the door-to-door movement of goods under the responsibility of a single transport operator. It developed with the container revolution, initiated in the late 50's by Malcom McLean and his trucking operations.
Possible multimodal combinations include rail-highway, ocean
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Because of the variety of considerations involved in the physical export process, most exporters, both new and experienced, rely on an international freight forwarder to perform these services.

Freight forwarders
The international freight forwarder acts as an agent for the exporter in moving cargo to the overseas destination. These agents are familiar with the import rules and regulations of foreign countries, methods of shipping, government export regulations, and the documents connected with foreign trade.

Freight forwarders can assist with an order from the start by advising the exporter of the freight costs, port charges, consular fees, cost of special documentation, and insurance costs as well as their handling fees - all of which help in preparing price quotations.

Freight forwarders may also recommend the type of packing for best protecting the merchandise in transit; they can arrange to have the merchandise packed at the port or containerized. The cost for their services is a legitimate export cost that should be figured into the price charged to the customer.

When the order is ready to ship, freight forwarders should be able to review the letter of credit, commercial invoices, packing list, and so on to ensure that everything is in order. They can also reserve the necessary space on board an ocean vessel, if the exporter desires.
If the cargo

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