Multinational Organization: Effective Organizational Leadership

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1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Topic description McFarland, Senen & Childress state ‘’The trend of the global economy village is clear, and the 21st century may very well become known as the century of the global world’’ (as cited in House, et al, 2002.). With the rise of the people´s republic of China and more and more international hospitality companies do business in China it is of high importance to understand the relation between leadership styles, organizational cultures and the performance of the Chinese employee. Effective organizational leadership is the key to success for any multinational organization. According to House & Adita, 1997, One of the biggest challenges for these multinational organizations is the cultural diversity present in…show more content…
The current employee performance is influenced by the different leadership styles used by the management in Conrad Beijing, the organizational culture of a multinational company as Conrad hotels & resorts and the Chinese culture. However, whether there is a significant relation between these three aspects is currently unknown within Conrad Beijing. Within this study the nature of this relationship will be examined followed up with a beneficial recommendation to the management team of Conrad Beijing. 1.3 Literature review 1.3.1 Leadership Leadership has been a topic of study for social scientists for much of the 20th century (Yukl,1994). Dubrin (2000) estimates that there are 35.000 definitions of leadership in academic literature (Pye,2005). According to Stodgill (1974)´´there are as many different definitions of leadership as there are persons who attempted to define the concept´´. However despite all these attempts, according to Bass, 1990 there is no consensually agreed upon definition of leadership. Yukl (2002) and Northouse (2004) describe leadership as a certain type of social interaction between people. They also state that the term leader is often use to denote a person who has influence over other people. Additionally, most definitions of leadership reflects the assumption that it involves a process whereby intentional influence is exerted by one person over other people to guide, structure and facilitate activities and relationships in a
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