Multiple Myeloma

2022 WordsAug 20, 20109 Pages
Multiple myeloma Multiple myeloma (also plasma cell myeloma also known as MM, myeloma, plasma cell myeloma, or as Kahler's disease) is a progressive hematologic (blood) disease. It is a cancer of the plasma cell, an important part of the immune system that produces immunoglobulins (antibodies) to help fight infection and disease. The immune system is made up of several types of cells that work together to fight infections. Lymph cells (called lymphocytes) are the main type of cell in the adaptive immune system. There are 2 types of lymph cells: T cells and B cells. When B cells respond to an infection, they change into plasma cells. The plasma cells are found mainly in the bone marrow—the soft, inner part of some bones. The plasma cells…show more content…
MM is often also characterized usually in the pelvis, spine, ribs, and skull by diffuse osteoporosis. There are often no symptoms in the early stages of myeloma. In some cases, myeloma may be exposed by an accident in the course of routine blood testing and if symptoms are present they may be indistinct and related to those of other medical conditions. It is very rare to have any one patient with all of these symptoms below: Bone pain: Tiny fractures in the bones, causing bone pain often results due to the accumulation of plasma cells and weakened bone structures. The most common sites of bone pain are back or the ribs, but usually any bone can be affected. Pain is usually worse with movement and at night. Fatigue: The growth and development of red blood cells in the bone marrow may be suppressed while having increase in the number of malignant plasma cells, which then cause low levels of red blood cells in the blood. This condition, know as anemia, can result in unusual fatigue or weakness. Recurrent Infections: The production of
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