Multiple Sclerosis : A Disease Of The Central Nervous System

2024 Words Nov 7th, 2016 9 Pages
Introduction

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the Central nervous system that progresses over a period time (“NINDS,” 2015). The central nervous system (CNS) includes the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. Damage to the central nervous system may interfere with sensory, motor, and cognitive functions. Myelin is an insulating layer around neuron processes that serves as a protective barrier (“MedlinePlus,”2016). In the case of Multiple Sclerosis, this protective layer is permanently damaged by sources that is still being investigated. The deterioration of the Myelin sheath inhibits, or slows down signals between the brain and the body (“NMSS,” 2012). Although there is currently no cure for Multiple Sclerosis, there are different treatment options that may help slow down the progression of the disease. As a chronic disease, it offers many challenges to the researchers looking for holistic ways to manage symptoms.

Multiple Sclerosis is hard to diagnose; early signs of MS are non-specific and the individual may appear to have another disease (“NMSS,” 2012). It is still unclear how multiple sclerosis is inherited, although the disease does appear to be passed down over family generations. Most people exhibit symptoms for the disease between the ages of 20-40 years old; symptoms can vary depending on the individual and can range anywhere from mild to extremely painful (“NINDS,” 2015). People manage their symptoms in different ways including prescription…
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