Multiple Sclerosis : A Nervous System Disease That Affects The Brain And Spinal Cord

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What Everyone Should Know About Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis is considered a nervous system disease that affects the brain and spinal cord. The disease remains a mystery to this day since there are no known specific causes. It can be seen that multiple sclerosis is more prevalent in women than in men between the ages of 20-40 (Bethesda 2015). While the disease is typically mild in most cases, some severe cases may result in the loss in the ability to speak, walk, and write. Common symptoms of the disease include “visual disturbances, muscle weakness, trouble with coordination and balance, sensations with numbness and prickling, and thinking and memory problems” (Bethesda 2015). It is important to become more aware and informed on the basics of multiple sclerosis so that in the case if you or someone you know may be experiencing symptoms, an early diagnosis can be made and treatment can start as soon as possible. The central nervous system is compromised of the brain and spinal cord and is known as the control and integrating center of the nervous system. To understand how multiple sclerosis affects the body, it is vital to comprehend the normal physiology of the central nervous system. Nerve cells or neurons are the structural units of the nervous system. Neurons transmit messages as nerve impulses from one part of the body to another. These neurons contain processes which are called dendrites and axons. The axon is the “conducting region” of a neuron since a
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